Ad- Dhuha

Surah Ad-Dhuha: The Morning Brightness

Surah d-Dhuha is the 93rd Surah of Qur’an with 11 aayat, Ad Dhuha means the morning brightness. It was revealed in Makkah. This Surah expresses the deep relationship between Allah and his Messenger.

Morning brightness has a very significant role in our life. Sometimes in our lives when we are stressed and anxious, we often forget that every problem has a solution because we are blinded by the darkness of our problems. When the sun shines and spreads It’slight, It’s brightness , it helps us in finding the solution of that problem. This morning is the sign of a new day, a day with new opportunities, chances, refreshments and hope.

Background

It was revealed after Fattah al wahy meaning temporary break in the revelation.

The kuffar taunted our Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) by saying Muhammad’s lord has forsaken , abandoned him and is displeased with him.

Another kuffar women Umm Jamil, wife of Abu Jahal, taunted and said that your shaitan has left you.

Due to all of this our Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was in a very disturbed  state of mind , he was feeling negative, depressed because no revelation came to him even in the dreams. He started believing that Allah was displeased with him, and didn’t want him as a Nabi anymore. He became ill because of this.

This Surah was revealed to relieve him, to assure him, to give him hope that Allah is with him, he has not forgotten him. For he says,

                         وَٱلضُّحَىٰ ١ وَٱلَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَىٰ ٢ مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلَىٰ                                                                                              
By the morning sunlight,
and the night when it falls still!
Your Lord ˹O Prophet˺ has not abandoned you, nor has He become hateful ˹of you˺.

93:1-3 ( Translation- Dr. Mustafa Khattab

Explanation

                                                               وَٱلضُّحَىٰ
By the morning sunlight

93:1

The most important thing is that Allah swore by ad Dhuha i.e, morning brightness. Allah doesn’t swore anything except that is something great in the sight of Allah. Ad Dhuha is the time from the beginning in the morning and extends all the way until time of Jawal. It is what we need to hear when we’re depressed. Wake up, look at the brightness of Sun. It’s a new day with a new hope.

                                                        وَٱلَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَىٰ
and the night when it falls still!

93:2

Here again, Allah is swearing which is a big thing. The night is the reminder to cover and to give us comfort, to ease our distress. Sometimes in our life there is difficulty and sometimes is ease. Allah made us night for us so that we can find tranquillity and rest in it.

مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلَىٰ                                                 ٣             
Your Lord ˹O Prophet˺ has not abandoned you, nor has He become hateful ˹of you˺.

93:3

This ayat is a reminder for Prophet Muhammad and us that Allah doesn’t hate us and forgotten us and he is always by our side. It is an ayat of hope and reassurance for us in the state of disturbed mind or in depression.

وَلَلْـَٔاخِرَةُ خَيْرٌۭ لَّكَ مِنَ ٱلْأُولَىٰ                                            ٤
And the next life is certainly far better for you than this one.

93:4 

This ayat is a relief that no matter how many problems we face, how many trials we face, but in the end the hereafter is far better than this temporary life of this world. It reminds us that this world is nothing but temporary. It helps us to look at any problem as temporary test of our faith from Allah.

وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَىٰٓ                                               ٥
And ˹surely˺ your Lord will give so much to you that you will be pleased.

93:5

This ayat is promise from Allah to his below Messenger Prophet Muhammad and us that soon he will give us so much favours and rewards that we will be happy. Isn’t it the best thing to hear when we’re depressed and fed up with this worldly life and the problems we’re facing.

أَلَمْ يَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًۭا فَـَٔاوَىٰ                                                ٦
Did He not find you as an orphan then sheltered you?

93:6

In this ayat, Allah is reminding the Prophet Muhammad that when he was orphan, it was Allah that give him shelter and fulfilled his basic needs. It also reminds us that Allah provides us everything and took care of us even in the situation which are not favourable for us.

                                                       وَوَجَدَكَ ضَآلًّۭا فَهَدَىٰ
Did He not find you unguided then guided you?

93:7

This ayat is very optimistic. It reminds us that no matter what we do , where we go, where we misguide ourselves, go on the wrong path, get lost, it is Allah who give us hidayat and brought us back to the straight path , back to Allah , and on the way of becoming a practicing muslim

                                                     وَوَجَدَكَ عَآئِلًۭا فَأَغْنَىٰ
And did He not find you needy then satisfied your needs?

93:8

In this ayat, Allah says that when Prophet Muhammad was crushed by the weight of financial instability, and in a desperate state, Allah made him free of needs. It also ye teaches us that Allah is the one who helps us. He’s the provider and sustainer.

فَأَمَّا ٱلْيَتِيمَ فَلَا تَقْهَرْ                                                 ٩
So do not oppress the orphan,

93:9

This is the advice for us that we should not oppress, or humiliated the orphans. It reminds us to look at people who are in far worse condition than ourselves when we’re feeling depressed. Look at them they have no family, no parents, no one to take care for them. We have families and parents who love us , a roof over our head, and food on the table and we still think we’re in a bad situation.

                                                  وَأَمَّا ٱلسَّآئِلَ فَلَا تَنْهَرْ
nor repulse the beggar.

93:10

This is an another example for us in reminding the favours of Allah that we take care granted for. We should be grateful for all the blessings .

                                                  وَأَمَّا بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ فَحَدِّثْ
And proclaim the blessings of your Lord.

93:11

In the final ayat, it is about maintaining the renewed faith and bond with Allah. Acknowledge the favours and blessings that Allah gave us and still we ignore that. So the next time when we feel disconnected, disheartened or depressed read this Surah with meaning and reflect on it and ponder upon it.

Why we should read this surah?

If we’re feeling down then we should recite this Surah. It is a way of comforting is and removing our worries. It give us encouragement to focus on the Hereafter. This Surah can attract abundant , provisions, increase in wealth, self sufficiency and blessings.

1.Be optimistic

This Surah teaches us to always have optimism. We should always be hopeful and positive for the future and the things which we don’t know. Being optimistic makes us more happier, healthier and successful. A supplication with optimism to Allah will answer is far more effective and beneficial for us.

2.Be grateful

This Surah teaches us to be grateful for the favours that Allah gave us. We should be grateful because we have everything parents, family, health, home, food , clothes, body, life and many more.

3.Allah will never forsake us.

Allah will never forsake us  . People will put us down, they will abandon us but Allah will not. Allah will never leave us , he will replace everything we have lost with something beneficial

4.Hereafter is much better.

This is assurance from Allah the hereafter is better than this world, this life is just a test. Still we prefer this worldly life over the hereafter which is better than this world.

When we are depressed, the world seems dark and nothing seems right. We feel we have no one to talk to, no one to take care of us, reassure us and like everyone has abandoned us. But sitting in the corner of that dark room, we don’t know that someone is with us, someone wants us to talk to Him, someone is taking care of us, waiting to reassure us and someone who has not abandoned us and that someone is none other than Allah.

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