Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī : The Persian polymath who produced critical works in mathematics, astronomy and geography

The terms algebra and algorithm are derived from al-Khwārizmī’s name and his work. A Latinisation of his name as Algoritmi led to the term “algorithm”. And the word algebra comes from al-jabr in the title of a landmark book he wrote in about AD 820, al-Kitāb al-Mukhtaṣar fī Ḥisāb al-Jabr wal-Muqābalah, or The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing. The book introduced fundamental methods for solving equations and established the discipline of algebra.

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